Fish waste, urine, their respiration, organic waste, and the decomposition of the uneaten food you offer them all break down and produce ammonia. Ammonia affects the fish by causing the blood to loose its ability to carry oxygen. This creates stress and lowers the resistance of fish to such recurrent bacterial infections as fin and tail rot, body slime, eye cloud, mouth fungus, body sores, redness of fins, general poor health, excess mucus production, flashing, and the incurable Dropsy or Pinecone disease. Ammonia is extremely toxic in its un-ionized form and non-toxic in its ionized form. This can be controlled by keeping pond water at low pH levels. At low pH levels ammonia will ionize and at levels higher than 7.2 ammonia begins to un-ionize and becomes more and more toxic.
Toxic ammonia is NH3 and non toxic is NH4
So you tested for Ammonia with a Test Kit. Do not add any new fish to the water. By adding Ammonia Eliminators/Detoxifiers to the pond, this will help bring down the ammonia levels. Ammonia Eliminators will convert toxic ammonia to nontoxic ammonia. Even if your test kits shows ammonia present. It’s just in non toxic form. A salicylate salt test kit is the test kit for you if you are burdened
with ammonia problems in your pond. This will detect ammonia. If
you use an Ammonia eliminator/detoxifier in the interim until the
nitrifying bacteria “Nitrosomonas” proliferate, that’s fine, Zoelite can help as well. This dilemma can be diverted by simply applying
a good nitrifying bacteria such as TURBOSTART, & Bioseed
Gold which “eat ammonia & nitrite”.
These offer a real boost of “Live” Nitrifiers.
Both are FANTASTIC! In speeding up the break-in period or so called “new-pond-syndrome”. They instantly “age” the water.
**Whether you have a new pond or a pond just starting up in the Spring, TEST! Until the bacterial strains have colonized and have proliferated and can work on the Ammonia to Nitrite conversion, you need to test!
Damn this NEW POND SYNDROME!
Ok. Now that we have the Nitrosomonas establishing themselves in the pond, they are multiplying like mad and working hard to convert
this toxic Ammonia (or non toxic if you used an Ammonia Eliminator/Detoxifier) to toxic Nitrite. Note: The nitrifying bacteria don’t care what type of ammonia it is, it is just ESSENTIAL to be in the Cycle.
Check out the all the articles from this series: