First off, Fish do not have stomachs! Secretions in their intestines digest the food. Their ability to digest food is directly related to the temperature of the water. Fish will not eat when water drops below 46 degrees. Any food you attempt to feed them on those nice days that may occur in January or February will just decay and pollute the water. Basically, your fish will go to sleep at 46 Degrees. As the temperatures drop, the metabolisms in fish begin to slow. They are unable to digest the food that they normally eat in warmer months. If some fish go after the food you throw them during the winter months, the food is not digested, therefore gut rot develops and the fish will die. When temperature of the water linger at 48-50 degrees, the fish may come to the surface looking for food. Do not feed them. As tempting as it is! To any owner of a pond, a pond thermometer is a necessity as air to water temperatures can vary dramatically.
In September, days are getting shorter and winter is approaching, time to prepare the fish for their long sleep. When Springtime approaches, monitor your water temperature. Only when the temperature of the water exceeds 50 degrees is it time to start feeding them daily.
Fish food is formulated to work with the metabolism of the fish in conjunction with the seasons. They help your fish to adjust from a dormancy stage. These spring foods are lower in protein, allowing for easy digestions, and have vitamin C added to boost their immunity. Foods high in Protein will be excreted by the fish as toxic ammonia, decreasing water quality and detrimenting the health of the fish. Wheat germ food is also ideal for fall and early spring as it is very easily digested.
Do not feed them any corn based food products.
No part of your biological system is established or balanced in the spring, its just getting started. That’s why it is important to perform water quality tests for ammonia, nitrites, and pH.
81° – feed sparingly due to high heat
78~81° – three or 4 times a day
72~77° – five or six times a day
66~71° – three or four times a day
63~65° – two or three times a day
59~62° – one or two times a day
55~58° – two or three times weekly
50~54° – one or two times weekly
50-58° – Feed more grains, wheat germ and veggies – less protein (25% is good) – less fat
63° + Feed less grains and veggies – more protein (35% is good) – more fat
Fall/Spring – foods, Summer foods, Medicated foods.